Periodontitis is a serious gum infection that damages the tissues that surround and support the teeth. If left untreated, it will also destroy the ligaments and bones that support your teeth. Periodontitis not only causes tooth loss, it also increases your chances of heart attack and stroke.
It is important to note that healthy gums are pale pink and firm. If your gums are swollen, reddish in colour and bleed easily, it is important to schedule a dental exam right away. The sooner that you come and visit us, the better chances you have of saving your teeth from extraction and preventing other serious health problems associated with periodontitis.
Signs & symptoms of periodontitis
- Bad breath & a bad (metallic) taste in your mouth
- Swollen, shiny, bright red, or purplish gums
- Gums that feel tender (although painless) or bleed easily after brushing your teeth
- Gums that pull away from your teeth – making your teeth appear longer
- New spaces developing between your teeth
- Deep pockets between your teeth & gums
- Pus between your teeth & gums
- Loose teeth & a noticeable difference in the way your teeth fit together when you bit
Causes & factors that can increase your risk of periodontitis:
- Poor Oral Health
- Genetic Factors
- Poor Diet
- Old Age
- Tobacco & Substance Use
- Hormonal Factors (pregnancy & menopause)
- Dental Work that is not fitted properly
- Diseases that affect your immunity (HIV/AIDS, Leukemia, Cancer/Chemotherapy)
Diagnosis & treatment
Periodontitis is easy to detect. We will exam your mouth and look for tartar and plaque build-up, as well as check for easy bleeding. In order to determine the severity of your condition, we will need to administer the following examination techniques:
- Apply a dental instrument (metal probe) to measure the pocket depth between your teeth and your gums.
- Dental X-Rays to determine the amount of bone loss and the presence of plaque deposits under the gums.
If the periodontitis is not too advanced, non-surgical treatments will help to reduce inflammation and eliminate pockets in the gums.
- Thorough cleansing including “scaling/debridement” which removes bacteria and tartar from the surfaces of your teeth.
- Root planing smoothes the surfaces of the root of your tooth, which will help to keep bacteria and tartar from quickly building back up again.
- Topical or oral antibiotics may be necessary to control bacterial infections.
After the initial treatment, Tusk Dental recommends regular dental visits to maintain your oral health. This involves detailed cleanings every three months to ensure that the microorganisms that cause periodontitis do not reoccur. Plaque build-up is one of the major causes of periodontitis, so it is important to get your teeth cleaned regularly.
Tusk dental provides gentle dental care
You will save yourself countless amounts of money by scheduling regular dental visits as dental surgery costs more than dental exams. We are a premiere dental agency servicing the Auckland area with compassionate care and reasonable prices.
Why wait another day? Contact Tusk Dental and let us help you keep that beautiful smile healthy!