What is Dry Mouth?
Basically, dry mouth occurs when there is not enough saliva in the mouth. We need saliva to moisten and cleanse our mouths. It helps to prevent cavities by washing away food and plaque, as well as neutralising acids that are harmful to our tooth enamel.
Saliva is also needed to digest our foods properly and prevent infection by controlling bacteria and fungi in the mouth. Dry mouth, also known as Xerostomia, is not an actual disease itself, but a symptom of various other diseases and conditions.
Symptoms that Occur & Accompany a Dry Mouth
- Frequent Thirst
- A red, raw, dry, rough, burning or tingling tongue
- Difficulty speaking, eating, tasting food, & swallowing
- Bad Breath
- A White Tongue indicative of a fungal infection
- Dry eyes & a dry nasal passage
- A persistent cough
- Chapped and/or cracked lips
- Pale gums or sores in the mouth
- Increase in dental problems, such as cavities, gingivitis, and periodontal disease
- Yeast infections in the mouth
- Difficulty wearing dentures
What causes a dry mouth?
- Diseases: Sjorn’s syndrome, diabetes, anemia, cystic fibrosis, rheumatoid arthritis, high blood pressure, and HIV/AIDS can all cause a dry mouth
- Radiotherapy to the Head or Neck
- Nerve Damage
- Medicines: There are approximately 400 different types of medicines that can cause your salivary glands to produce less salvia. These include: antihistamines, tricyclic antidepressants, beta blockers, high blood pressure medication, diuretics (water tablets), anti-epileptic medicines, and antipsychotics.
- Mouth breathing
- Dehydration (low body fluid)
- Pregnancy/ Breastfeeding
- Bulimia/ Anorexia
Tusk dental will provide a proper diagnosis
We will inspect your main salivary glands and ducts to check for blockages and salivary flow. The symptoms of dry mouth vary from patient to patient, so it will be important for us to check your lips, tongue, and oral tissues for dryness.
Treatment plans will depend on how severe your problem is and the underlying problems that caused the condition. First and foremost, we would suggest that your brush and floss properly, along with scheduling regular visits. Flouride treatments will help in the prevention of dry mouth. In addition to this:
- Medication that will help the saliva glands produce more saliva such as pilocarpine (Salagen) and cevieline (Evoxac).
- Artificial saliva and oral lubricants containing glycerine.
- Eliminating medication that enhances dry mouth
Tusk dental provides gentle dental care
We are a premiere dental agency servicing the Auckland area with compassionate care and reasonable prices.
Why wait another day? Contact Tusk Dental and let us help you keep that beautiful smile healthy.